By Committee on Animal Nutrition, Ad Hoc Committee on Nonhuman Primate Nutrition, National Research Council
This iteration provides the wealth of data gleaned approximately nonhuman primates nutrients because the earlier version used to be released in 1978. With elevated insurance of common nutritional conduct, gastrointestinal anatomy and body structure, and the nutrient wishes of species which were tough to take care of in captivity, it explores the effect on foodstuff of physiological and life-stage issues: infancy, weaning, immune functionality, weight problems, getting older, and extra. The committee additionally discusses problems with environmental enrichment equivalent to possibilities for foraging. in line with the world's medical literature and enter from authoritative resources, the e-book offers most sensible estimates of nutrient requisites. the quantity covers requisites for strength: carbohydrates, together with the function of nutritional fiber; proteins and amino acids; fat and fatty acids; minerals, fat-soluble and water-soluble supplementations; and water. The e-book additionally analyzes the composition of vital meals and feed parts and provides guidance on feed processing and nutrition formula.
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Extra resources for Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates (revised ed.)
Colibensis A. fusca A. palliata A. pigra c A. sara A. seniculus Brachyteles B. arachnoides a Diet format: mean (range). weights in ranges whenever possible; single numbers are not averages but indicate that only one individual of the species has been weighed in the wild. c No data available from the wild but assumed to be similar to congenerics. b Body 72384$$CH1 01-20-03 17:11:42 12 Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates TABLE 1-4 Colobine Feeding Ecology Scientific Name a b Common Name Diet Behavior Body Weight References Abyssinian, guereza, or eastern black-and-white colobus Geoffroy’s or whitethighed black-and-white colobus C.
Cercopithecine primates, except colobines, have cheek pouches that permit short-term storage of harvested ingesta. The stomach of these species (Cercopithecus, Macaca, and Papio) is relatively simple and smooth-walled, followed by a short small intestine (Figures 1-5 through 1-7). The cecum is typically haustrated by three taeniae, and can support some microbial breakdown of plant material. The galago (Galago crassicaudatus) (Figure 1-8) and the ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata) are prosimians that have a prominent cecum, but the cecum of the ruffed lemur is longer and more complex than that of the galago.
The data in Tables 1-1 through 1-6 have not been adjusted for insect-capture rate, because for the vast majority of primates these rates are not known. ADDITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS As previously stated, the percentage of time spent in feeding is probably the most common factor used in describing a primate diet, but if foraging time is included as eating time, it can be inflated (Kurland and Gaulin, 1987). In addition, a measure based on grams consumed would be sometimes more accurate than time spent in feeding.