By Line Mikkelsen
This e-book is anxious with a category of copular clauses referred to as specificational clauses, and its relation to different kinds of copular buildings, predicational and equative clauses particularly. in response to proof from Danish and English, I argue that specificational clauses contain a similar center predication constitution as predicational clauses ― one that combines a referential and a predicative expression to shape a minimum predicational unit ― yet fluctuate in how the predicational middle is discovered syntactically. Predicational copular clauses signify the canonical recognition, the place the referential expression is aligned with the main well-liked syntactic place, the topic place. Specificational clauses contain an strange alignment of the predicative expression with topic place. I recommend that this strange alignment is grounded in info constitution: the alignment of the fewer referential DP with the topic place serves a discourse connective functionality through letting fabric that's fairly standard within the discourse look ahead of fabric that's rather surprising within the discourse. Equative clauses are argued to be essentially various.
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Additional info for Copular Clauses: Specification, Predication And Equation (Linguistik Aktuell Linguistics Today)
This means that none of the syntactic facts reviewed above (placement of 2 H&K are not explicit about the internal structure of FP, nor about the details of the larger syntactic structure of specificational clauses. 5) is based on their discussion on the top half of page 382. 3). With this analysis, H&K assimilate specificational clauses to what they call “true equatives” (p. 6) a. b. c. Honest is honest. (H&K:375, (35a)) Cicero is Tully. 55 miles per hour is 88 kilometers per hour. (Partee 2000:189, (19d)) I think there is reason to resist assimilation of specificational clauses to equatives.
55) a. Peter1 har savnet sin1 hund. ’ b. * Sin1 hund har savnet Peter1 . ’) c. *Peter1 tror sin1 hund sover. ’) d. * Peter1 tror jeg har savnet sin1 hund. 56) Peter1 er ikke den største beundrer af sin1 nabos Peter is not the greatest admirer of REFL havekunst. 57). 57) a. Den største beundrer af sin1 nabos the greatest admirer of REFL havekunst er Peter1 ikke. ’ 13 I use numerical indices to indicate coreference to avoid confusion with the alphabetical indices used to indicate movement chains.
90a) involves topicalization and is degraded. 89) is that there is no articulated C-projection in Danish that would provide a separate landing site for the topicalized constituent and the interrogative operator (see fn. (6)). 90) COPULAR CLAUSES a. Holmes beviste at disse penge havde Moriarty ikke stj˚alet. Holmes proved that this b. money had Moriarty not stolen (adapted from Vikner 1995:71, (16a)) Holmes beviste at Moriarty ikke havde stj˚alet disse penge. 90b). 90a) the finite verb appears between the topicalized constituent and the subject.