By Gerd Van Riel
Aristotle's treatise at the Soul figures one of the such a lot influential texts within the highbrow historical past of the West. it's the first systematic treatise at the nature and functioning of the human soul, offering Aristotle's authoritative analyses of, between others, experience belief, mind's eye, reminiscence, and mind. the continued debates in this tricky paintings proceed the remark culture that dates again to antiquity. This quantity bargains a range of essays via special students, exploring the traditional views on Aristotle's De anima, from Aristotle's earliest successors in the course of the Aristotelian Commentators on the finish of Antiquity.
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Extra info for Ancient Perspectives on Aristotle's De Anima (Ancient and Medieval Philosophy) (Ancient and Medieval Philosophy Series 1)
His solution, I suggest, relies on a combination of nativism and empiricism: a certain amount of representational resources are present from birth in anything with a perceptual faculty. Some animals may add to these, enriching the possibilities for the contents of their perceptions. l’ apparition de la conscience dans le de anima et d’autres œuvres d’aristote Annick Stevens Une des questions les plus présentes dans la philosophie contemporaine est celle de la conscience que nous avons de notre propre existence, ou le fait que notre propre existence fait question pour nous.
We may make this question more precise as follows by way of a problem: on the view I have outlined, Aristotle is giving an account of perceptual processes and perceptual content at the same time. That is, insofar as he describes the nature of the transition from not perceiving to perceiving by means of causal interaction with the objects of perception, he is giving an account of the process of perception. Insofar as he describes it as the reception of sensible forms, and holds that a perception is of red insofar as the perceiver’s perceptual faculty has received the form of redness, he also appears to be giving an account of the representational content of perception.
Le problème est posé d’emblée sous la forme d’un dédoublement entre, d’une part, la sensation de l’objet, et d’autre part, la sensation de cette sensation. Si cette dernière est bien une sensation, elle doit être eﬀectuée soit par le même sens que la sensation de l’objet (dans l’exemple, ² da iii 2, 425b12-25: Ἐπεὶ δ᾿ αἰσθανόμεθα ὅτι ὁρῶμεν καὶ ἀκούομεν, ἀνάγκη ἢ τῇ ὄψει αἰσθάνεσθαι ὅτι ὁρᾷ, ἢ ἑτέρᾳ. ἀλλ᾿ ἡ αὐτὴ ἔσται τῆς ὄψεως καὶ τοῦ ὑποκειμένου χρώματος, ὥστε ἢ δύο τοῦ αὐτοῦ ἔσονται ἢ αὐτὴ αὑτῆς.