By Nord F F (ed)

Advances in Enzymology and similar components of Molecular Biology is a seminal sequence within the box of biochemistry, supplying researchers entry to authoritative studies of the newest discoveries in all parts of enzymology and molecular biology. those landmark volumes date again to 1941, supplying an unmatched view of the historic improvement of enzymology. The sequence deals researchers the newest knowing of enzymes, their mechanisms, reactions and evolution, roles in advanced organic technique, and their software in either the laboratory and undefined. each one quantity within the sequence good points contributions by means of best pioneers and investigators within the box from world wide. All articles are conscientiously edited to make sure thoroughness, caliber, and clarity.

With its wide selection of themes and lengthy ancient pedigree, Advances in Enzymology and comparable components of Molecular Biology can be utilized not just via scholars and researchers in molecular biology, biochemistry, and enzymology, but additionally via any scientist drawn to the invention of an enzyme, its homes, and its functions.

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Extra resources for Advances in Enzymology and Related Areas of Molecular Biology, Volume 32

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36 V. I . IVANOV AND M. YA. (I N I I -0% u 2 I N I I 0 11 1% cyo II 41 , r-l MODEL FOR ENZYMIC TRANSAMINATION 37 Fig. 6. Proposed spatial structure of enzyme-substrate complex 3 (cf. Scheme 1). Shaded areas belong to the apoenzyme. I n Figure 6 a substrate is shown with its carboxylic groups in cis conformation, because maleic acid (cis) is a competitive inhibitor of AAT while fumaric acid (trans) is not inhibitory (36). The stereochemistry of nucleophilic addition to a carboxyl group is discussed by Bender (37).

The recent work has included studies on the metalloenzymes themselves, on some model systems, and on the characteristics of metal complexes in general. Before considering the individual enzymic reactions, a brief description and classification of redox reactions involving organic compounds will be given, and a summary of some of the properties of metal complexes, which appear especially relevant t o the redox reactions under discussion, will be presented. During the development of modern biochemistry our concept of how biological oxidations occur has undergone a series of transformations.

And Bruire, T . , Bzochemistry, 4, 77 (1965). , in Pyridoxal Catalysis: Enzymes and Model Systems, E. E. Snell, A. E. Braunstein, E. S. Severin, and Yu. M. , Interscience Publishers, 1968, p. 1. Bruice, T. , and Benkovic, S. , J . Amer. Chem. ,86, 418 (1964). , J . Biol. , 242, 2397 (1967). Essipova, N. , Dembo, A. , Tumanyan, V. , and Polyanovsky, 0. , Molekid. Biol. ( S S S R ) 2, , 527 (1968). Sizer, I. , and Jenkins, W. , in Chemical and Biological Aspects of Pyridoxal Catalysis, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1Y63, p.

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