By Yunji Wu
This can be the 1st e-book in chinese language linguistics which discusses the grammar of a dialect team from either synchronic and diachronic views. the writer makes use of new information and new frameworks to give an research of the grammar of the Xiang dialect spoken in Hunan, China. The discussions during this e-book additionally bring up new matters on dialect learn that have no longer but been totally stated through chinese language dialectologists. in addition, the e-book exhibits that the Xiang dialect crew has an enormous strategic worth because it kinds a transitional sector among northern and southern chinese language dialects. Key contains a huge paintings at the hugely overlooked Xiang dialects in China the 1st targeted paintings at the Xiang dialects to seem in English and at the foreign industry a tremendous reference paintings for typological reports
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Extra info for A Synchronic and Diachronic Study of the Grammar of the Chinese Xiang Dialects
Table 1 provides some examples of these prefixes. Table 1. The prefixes in the Xiang dialects Prefix Gloss Rfe- later Examples Bfeif Sound Gloss man41 tciau21 mother's youngest brother the youngest girl in the family very small pieces very thick very flat very young (for vegetables) very slippery very nimble; very lively (for plant) very strong (for people) perfectly round very soft man41 mei2Itsi 9 io la33SY45 ftffi mβ nm smooth mm mtä «it v&iSI i® Uiil la33tsh9u33 la33pie45 la33lin33 No transcription Localitv9 Changsha Xinhua (Luo Xiru 1998: 210) Xinhua (Luo Xiru 1998: 231) All the suffixes used in Mandarin (Li and Thompson 1981: 39-45), except )l er, can be used in the Xiang dialects.
The manner in which speakers conceptualize variants and how they fit those variants into a complex mental representation or system will be addressed below. A precise description of phonological and semantic change or rearrangement in a Chinese dialect relies on a model of the individual speaker's knowledge of the cross-dialect network. The simultaneous existence of different variants is accommodated by speakers into this network or representation. The process by which conflicting speech codes have caused sound change and semantic variation over fifty years in the Changsha speech community will be used as an example.
These go back to Middle Chinese syllables with voiced initials with either the _L· Shang or i Qu tone. To compile this list, the items in the η Fängyän Diäochä Ζι Biäo 'Questionnaire of Characters for Dialect Survey' (Language Research Institute, Chinese Academic of Social Sciences, 1981) were employed. This questionnaire included 592 items in this category, but, of these, 75 could not be used because they did not have corresponding forms in SC. The 517 forms fall into the following categories: Phonological evolution 41 Table 10.