By National Research Council

Now greater than ever, biology has the capability to give a contribution functional suggestions to the various significant demanding situations confronting the us and the realm. a brand new Biology for the twenty first Century recommends "New Biology" approach--one that will depend on larger integration inside biology, and nearer collaboration with actual, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians and engineers--be used to discover options to 4 key societal wishes: sustainable nutrition creation, environment recovery, optimized biofuel creation, and development in human healthiness. The process demands a coordinated attempt to leverage assets around the federal, deepest, and educational sectors to assist meet demanding situations and increase the go back on lifestyles technology examine often.

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Such complex events as how embryos develop or how cells of the immune system differentiate (that is, the actual processes by which an individual’s phenotype––the appearance and characteristics of the individual––come into being) must be viewed from a global yet detailed perspective because they are composed of a collection of molecular mechanisms that include junctions that interconnect vast networks of genes. It is essential to take a broader view and analyze entire gene regulatory networks, and the circuitry of events underlying complex biological systems.

Detecting changes in biodiversity and predicting the impact of extinctions on ecosystem services is even harder. But if the value of ecosystems is to be appreciated, the impact of human activities understood, and management decisions made on a scientific basis, it is important to develop a methodology and the necessary tools to monitor the state of ecosystems. The New Biology has a great deal to offer in bringing together the necessary expertise and resources to implement a practical ecosystem monitoring system.

In fact, technology is not currently available to meet the RFS, but the New Biology offers the possibility of advancing the fundamental knowledge, tools and technology needed to achieve it. Making efficient use of plant ­materials— biomass––to make biofuels is a systems challenge, and this is where the New ­Biology can make a critical contribution. At its simplest, the system consists of a plant that serves as the source of cellulose and an industrial process that turns the cellulose into a useful product.

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