By Wilhelm Windelband

This Elibron Classics publication is a facsimile reprint of a 1901 version by means of the Macmillan corporation, ny.

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Extra info for A History of Philosophy; With Especial Reference to the Formation and Development of Its Problems and Conceptions

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For women, who attended none of these places,67 there was no such counterinXuence. [84] 8. CONCLU SION We have found Wrst-person sex diVerentiation in a variety of areas of the lexicon, in some features on the borders of lexicon and grammar (diminutives, particles), and in some features of phonology. Certain of these diVerences clearly reXect the subordinate status of women in society. They were not supposed to speak as if they were in authority, or to address men in terms that implied superiority or even equality.

Also Men. fr. 1 and 287 <¼ fr. 1 and 247 KA>. 33 Including Dysk. 648 and Epitr. 989, where a male speaker quotes a woman’s actual or hypothetical words. ) is much the commonest of all vocative epithets (proxime accedit IªÆŁüò, together with its various superlatives, which occur 158 times). The two female speakers, Xanthippe (who speaks only at Phaedo 60a) and Diotima, use çߺå twice out of a total of 15 forms of address in their utterances. ‘Plato’ here refers to the whole of the nine Thrasyllan tetralogies except the letters.

Why should Aristophanic (though not Menandrian) to tempt him with a few dancing-girls as well (possibly because she is a good deal less attractive than they); the fourfold åYóØŁØ (answered by Xanthias/Herakles with åNóÝæåïìÆØ, 520) may, especially if reinforced by appropriate gesture, be designed to be taken as a double entendre. Possible: Ekkl. 631; this has often been ascribed to Praxagora (so still R. G. Ussher (Oxford, 1973)), but M. Vetta (Milan, 1989) sees that it must belong to one of her male hearers: ‘l’osservazione che si tratta di una trovata ‘‘veramente democratica’’ non puo` venire da Prassagora, che ne e` stata l’arteWce, ma e` una forma di assenso’.

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