By Rudolf E. de Jong

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Extra info for A Grammar of the Bedouin Dialects of Central and Southern Sinai

Example text

The diffference in realizations of ā in ṛāsī and rāsiy may be explained by recognizing either /ā/ and velarized /ạ̄/ as separate phonemes, or /r/ and velarized /ṛ/ as separate phonemes. g. A. A.  Shortening of long vowels Like in group I dialects, shortening of unstressed long vowels is a characteristic of allegro style of speech in ṬwA, HnA and LA as well.  Isolating phonemes /i/, /u/ and /a/ Minimal pairs producing the phonemes /i/, /u/ and /a/ in ṬwA, HnA and LA are listed below. ” ṣifr “zero” šigguh “his guest section of the tent” – xu ̣ r “green (pl.

Wāsʿih # “wide (sg. )”, sabʿih # “seven”, ilFātḥih # “the Fātiḥah sūrah”, ibīḥih “animal for slaughter”.  Prosodic lengthening of short vowels To express extra emphasis, such as on long durations of time, long distances, great quantities and the like, speakers often prosodically lengthen short vowels. Examples are: la ḥa dd sanah xamsih “(I was in school all the time) until the fijifth year” and iysallūh ʿala nnāṛ ki iy lamma yanšaf “they cook it over the fijire like this (all the time) until it dries”.

E. 10 It was not heard in HnA or LA.  Emphatic alveolar stop /ṭ/ Glottalization of the emphatic ṭ was not noticed as a characteristic of ṬwA, HnA or LA. 11 In *raʾs “head”, loss of is complemented by lengthening the preceding vowel ṛās in all dialects. The pl. is ṛūs in ǦbA, ṢwA, HnA and LA, but pl. ryūs in GrA, ASA and ḤmA. Reflexes of the pl. g. áḥgan “injections”, ášnaṭ “suitcases”, árkab “knees”, ánxaṛ “noses”). g. g. (i)lášnaṭ “the suitcases”. 12 Similar forms are current in LA. 10 Bernabela 2009 transcribes ž throughout his texts for ǦbA.

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