By Kofi Yakpo

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G. Huber 1999, Wyse 1989). 1 below represents the lexical similarity of a select number of relevant languages. The tree was generated by the ‘Automated Similarity Judgement Program’ (ASJP), a collaborative project aimed at the classification of the world’s languages by means of computerised lexicostatistical analysis (cf. reference on ‘ASJP’). 1. 1 includes the African English-lexicon Creoles Pichi, Krio, Cameroonian Pidgin, Ghanaian Pidgin English and Nigerian Pidgin as well as the American English-lexicon Creoles Gullah, Jamaican Creole, Limonese Creole, Sranan Tongo, Ndyuka (referred to as ‘Aukan’ in the tree) and Saramaccan.

The column ‘languages’ specifies self-identified language knowledge. The symbol (h) in the ‘languages’ column indicates home languages used for interaction within the (extended) family. Languages are listed in alphabetical order but home languages come first. Basic information on social class can be deduced from the ‘activity’ column. The column ‘residence’ indicates the neighbourhood of Malabo in which the respective speakers are domiciled. 2 further below. N F 70+ M M M/F 30+ 20+ Div. 2 provides information on the corpus.

Hence there is a great deal of tolerance for linguistic variation. 5 Affiliation Pichi belongs to the African branch of the family of English-lexicon Atlantic Creoles (cf. g. Baker 1999; Baker & Huber 2001; Holm 2000). Besides Pichi, the branch consists of Krio (Sierra Leone), Aku (Gambia), Ghanaian Pidgin English, Nigerian Pidgin and Cameroonian Pidgin. The branch may also be seen to share some degree of relationship with certain varieties of Liberian English (cf. Singler 1997). The American branch of this family includes languages like Sranan Tongo, Saramaccan (also known as Saamaka) and Ndyuka (Surinam), other English-lexicon Creoles of the Caribbean basin, amongst them Jamaican Creole, Trinidadian Creole, and Miskito Coast Creole (Nicaragua and Honduras) as well as languages like Afro-Seminole Creole (Mexico and the USA), and Gullah (USA).

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