By Rebecca Hogue Wojahn

Welcome to the Gal?pagos Islands! As you stick with a direction in the course of the black lava rock on one of many islands, you could pay attention the ocean lions barking or the hum of a white-lined sphinx moth flying earlier your head. The Gal?pagos Islands are lively, from an immense tortoise trudging towards a cactus patch to a Gal?pagos barn owl gliding within the air, able to grab up a Santa Fe rice rat. Day and evening within the Gal?pagos Islands, the quest is directly to locate foodstuff - and to prevent turning into a person else's subsequent meal. all of the residing issues are attached to each other in a foodstuff chain, from animal to animal, animal to plant, plant to insect, and bug to animal. What direction will you're taking to stick with the nutrients chain during the islands? Will you . . . pass fishing with a blue-footed booby? Snack on a few crabs with a Gal?pagos sea lion? Dive less than the reef looking for algae with a marine iguana? persist with all 3 chains and plenty of extra in this who-eats-what experience!

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Sample text

That’s what the scientist Charles Darwin wondered when he visited the island in 1835. He started to collect these birds to study them up close. He found out that even though these finches all look similar, there are actually thirteen different kinds on the Galápagos Islands. Each one of them has its own call, its own food and, most interesting to Darwin, a different kind of beak. Some were thick and strong, some narrow and needlelike, and others short or wide. Darwin guessed that the birds all came from the same ancestors.

They stopped flying because they didn’t need to escape. Over time, their wings grew weak, and they lost the ability to fly. But when people started arriving on the islands, they brought dogs and cats. Some of those dogs and cats became feral. They hunt the birds of the islands. And because these cormorants can’t fly away anymore, they are very easy prey. 43 Galápagos Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus wollebaeki) A female (left) and male sea lion 44 The Galápagos sea lion playfully nips the Galápagos penguin as it glides by in the water.

Se a Li on Po x . . fish—almost a whole school of them. To see what other fish near the islan d are up to, tur n to page 27. guin that . . a Galápagos pener a little zipped by underwat what too closely. To see s penguin go another Galápa page 54 . to is up to, tu rn . . a Sally Lightfoot crab whose shell was still soft. To see what another Sally Lightfoot crab is up to, turn to page 58. an island food web On the Galápagos Islands, energy moves around the food chain from the sun to plants, from plants to plant eaters, and from animals to the creatures that eat them.

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