By Jo Ritzen

<P style="LINE-HEIGHT: basic; MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt" class=MsoNormal>Though Europe’s universities are rather well represented one of the world’s most sensible two hundred universities, they're virtually totally absent from the head fifty. during this impassioned booklet, Jo Ritzen argues that ecu universities are economically, culturally, and socially underexploited, and he outlines a chain of alterations essential to make those associations extra winning. He advocates reorganizing universities to prefer innovation over forms, securing financing from deepest assets to fulfill the gaps left by way of public price range cuts, and matching and choosing scholars with an eye fixed towards successfully instructing for a world exertions marketplace. With such reinvention, universities may turn into instrumental to strengthening the ecu aggressive place via fiscal innovation, elevated social solidarity, and a extra bright cultural dynamism.

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Still, the extreme Euro-sceptic was the UK with 29% in 2000, followed by Sweden with 34%. The percentage of the population who say that membership in the EU is a good thing has increased in most old EU Member States between 2000 and 2006; only in the Southern European countries (Italy, Greece, Portugal) and Austria, it has decreased and in Finland remained the same (European Commission, 2001). 00 29,700 28,800 2,800 18,000 9,800 38,300 8,200 30,000 27,500 27,200 17,800 8,800 39,100 24,400 5,700 6,100 65,000 11,900 31,500 6,400 14,100 3,700 7,100 14,400 20,900 32,600 30,400 22,500 2 1 40 18 10 5 15 11 14 22 32 12 7 27 38 31 8 24 4 30 17 42 23 19 16 6 26 Europhile Index (Rank) in 20064) 34% (26) 65% (5) 53% (14a) 49% (19) 52% (15) 65% (6) 51% (16) 39% (24) 49% (17) 57% (9) 53% (14b) 49% (20) 77% (1) 56% (10) 37% (25) 59% (8) 72% (4) 44% (22) 74% (2) 56% (11) 47% (21) 62% (7) 55% (12) 54% (13) 72% (3) 49% (18) 42% (23) Notes: 1) Population in million at 1st January of each year; Source: Eurostat (2008b).

Winckler (2008, p. 5 5. The US and Europe dominate the world scene with Europe almost on par with the US in the Top 20 but with a much broader base for the US in the Top 200. Correcting for population size it is obvious that the US performs much better. 5 Ranking of the Individual Researchers in the Sciences US UK Other Europe Other Total Mathematics Top Top Top 20 100 200 10 66 136 2 10 16 7 18 32 1 6 16 20 100 200 Top 20 8 1 6 5 Physics Top 100 50 10 32 8 Top 200 101 15 51 33 20 100 200 Molecular Biology Top Top Top 20 100 200 10 100 200 5 10 7 17 35 3 11 20 100 200 Source: Winckler (2008, p.

3 indicates the participation rates. In the new EU countries participation may not be as high as those of the older EU countries or of Korea (almost 69% in 1997) and Japan (almost 43% in 1999 and 56% in 2006). The Heads of State of the EU decided in 2000 to formulate the Lisbon goal of an enrolment of 50% of the age group by 2010. a. a. a. 5 Source: Eurostat (2008b) The university systems of the EU share the history of the first universities established in Bologna (1088) and Paris (1150), followed by Oxford (1167), Cambridge (1209), Salamanca (1218), Montpellier (1220), Padua (1222), Naples (1224), Toulouse (1229), Prague (1348), Heidelberg (1386), and Louvain (1425; see Compayré, 1893).

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